Kinlochleven High School Music Department

This page might print better in landscape format! Last updated 15 May 2014.

Please note that the old (Access 3, Int 1/2, Higher and AH) concepts have moved down the page to start making way for the new (Nat 3, 4, 5 etc.) ones.

New National 3 Mandatory Concepts

Styles Melody/harmony Rhythm/tempo Texture/structure/form Timbre/dynamics
  • Blues
  • Jazz
  • Rock
  • Pop
  • Rock'n'Roll
  • Musical
  • Scottish
  • Latin American
  • Ascending
  • Descending
  • Step (stepwise)
  • Leap (leaping)
  • Repetition
  • Sequence
  • Question and answer
  • Improvisation
  • Chord
  • Discord
  • Chord change
  • Accent/accented
  • Beat/pulse
  • Bar; 2, 3 or 4 beats in the bar
  • On the beat/off the beat
  • Repetition
  • Slower/faster
  • Pause
  • March, reel, waltz
  • Drum fill
  • Adagio
  • Allegro
  • Unison/octave
  • Harmony/chord
  • Solo
  • Accompanied/unaccompanied
  • Repetition
  • Ostinato/riff
  • Round
  • Striking (hitting), blowing, bowing, strumming, plucking
  • Orchestra — strings, brass, woodwind and percussion (tuned and untuned)
  • Accordion, fiddle, bagpipes, acoustic guitar, electric guitar, piano, organ, drum kit
  • Steel band, Scottish dance band, folk group
  • Voice/choir
  • Staccato/legato

New National 4 Mandatory Concepts

Styles Melody/harmony Rhythm/tempo Texture/structure/form Timbre/dynamics
  • Baroque
  • Ragtime
  • Romantic
  • Swing
  • Concerto
  • Opera
  • Scots ballads
  • Mouth music
  • Reggae
  • African music
  • Rapping
  • Major/minor (tonality)
  • Drone
  • Broken chord/arpeggio
  • Chord progression — I, IV and V (major keys)
  • Change of key
  • Pedal
  • Scale
  • Pentatonic scale
  • Octave
  • Vamp
  • Scat singing
  • Ornament
  • Syncopation
  • Scotch snap
  • Strathspey
  • Jig
  • Simple time — 2/4, 3/4, 4/4 and compound time
  • Anacrusis
  • Andante
  • Accelerando
  • Rallentando
  • A tempo
  • Dotted rhythms
  • Canon
  • Ternary — ABA (why is binary in Nat 5?)
  • Verse and chorus
  • Middle 8
  • Theme and variation
  • Cadenza
  • Imitation
  • Brass band, wind band
  • Violin, cello, double bass, harp
  • Flute, clarinet, saxophone, pan pipes, recorder
  • Trumpet, trombone
  • Timpani, snare drum, bass drum, cymbals, triangle, tambourine, guiro, xylophone, glockenspiel
  • Harpsichord
  • Bass guitar
  • Distortion
  • Muted
  • Soprano, alto, tenor, bass
  • Backing vocals

New National 5 Mandatory Concepts

Styles Melody/harmony Rhythm/tempo Texture/structure/form Timbre/dynamics
  • Symphony
  • Gospel
  • Classical
  • Pibroch
  • Celtic rock
  • Bothy ballad
  • Waulking song
  • Gaelic psalm
  • Aria
  • Chorus
  • Minimalist
  • Indian
  • Atonal, cluster
  • Chord progression — I, IV, V, VI major keys
  • Imperfect/perfect cadences
  • Inverted pedal
  • Chromatic
  • Whole tone scale
  • Grace note
  • Glissando
  • Modulation
  • Contrary motion
  • Trill
  • Syllabic
  • Melismatic
  • Countermelody
  • Descant (voice)
  • Pitch bend
  • Tone/semitone
  • Rubato
  • Ritardando
  • Moderato
  • Cross rhythms
  • Compound time — 6/8, 9/8, 12/8
  • Strophic
  • Binary — AB
  • Rondo (ABACA...) — episode
  • Alberti bass
  • Walking bass
  • Ground bass
  • Homophonic
  • Polyphonic
  • Contrapuntal
  • Coda
  • Piccolo, oboe, bassoon
  • (French) horn, tuba
  • Viola
  • Castanets, hi-hat cymbals, bongo drums
  • Clarsach, bodhran
  • Sitar, tabla
  • Arco, pizzicato
  • Con sordino
  • Flutter tonguing
  • Rolls
  • Reverb
  • Mezzo soprano, baritone
  • A cappella

New Higher Mandatory Concepts

Styles Melody/harmony Rhythm/tempo Texture/structure/form Timbre/dynamics
  • Sonata
  • Oratorio
  • Impressionist
  • Musique concrete
  • Plainchant
  • Mass
  • String quartets
  • Recitative
  • Chamber music
  • Jazz funk
  • Soul music
  • Mode/modal
  • Relative major/minor
  • Interval
  • Obbligato (instrumental)
  • Acciaccatura
  • Mordent
  • Plagal cadence
  • Interrupted cadence
  • Tierce de Picardie
  • Dominant 7th
  • Diminished 7th
  • Added 6th
  • Harmonic minor scale
  • Melodic minor scale
  • 3 against 2
  • Time changes
  • Irregular time signatures
  • Augmentation
  • Diminution
  • Through-composed
  • Da capo aria
  • Lied
  • Passacaglia
  • Concerto grosso
  • Sonata form
  • Exposition
  • Subject
  • Basso continuo
  • Ritornello
  • Tremolando
  • Harmonics
  • Coloratura
  • Ripieno
  • Concertino
  • String quartet

Full List of Access 3 Listening Concepts (now only here for 2014–15 Advanced Higher)

Compositional Techniques Contexts
Melodic Harmonic Rhythmic Structural Timbre Styles/Forms
  • Ascending
  • Descending
  • Stepwise, Leaping
  • Broken Chord
  • Repetition
  • Sequence
  • Phrase
  • Question, Answer
  • Chord
  • Chord change
  • Discord
  • Repetition
  • Faster, Slower
  • Pause
  • Accented
  • Beat/Pulse
  • Simple Time: 2/3/4 Beats in the bar
  • On the beat, Off the beat
  • Pattern
  • Drum fill
  • Scotch snap
  • Single line
  • Unison/Octave
  • Harmony
  • Solo
  • Ensemble
  • Ostinato/Riff
  • Round
  • Accompanied
  • Unaccompanied
  • Repetition, Contrast
  • Section
  • Sound/Silence
  • Louder/Softer
  • Sustained, Staccato, Legato
  • Striking, Blowing, Bowing, Strumming, Plucking, Slapping
  • Orchestra: Woodwind, Brass, Strings, Percussion
  • Bands: Brass, Pipe, Rock, Steel, Scottish Dance, Wind/Military
  • Groups: Folk, Pop, Jazz
  • Instruments: Electric Guitars, Acoustic Guitar
    Drumkit
    Keyboards: Piano, Organ, Synthesiser
    Accordion, Fiddle, Pipes
  • Voice, Vocal, Choral, Lead vocals, Backing vocals
  • Baroque
  • Jazz
  • Rock
  • Pop
  • Scottish
  • March
  • Strathspey
  • Reel
  • Waltz
  • Latin American

Full List of Intermediate 1 Listening Concepts (now only here for 2014–15 Advanced Higher)

Compositional Techniques Contexts
Melodic Harmonic Rhythmic Structural Timbre Styles/Forms
  • Theme
  • Variation
  • Imitation
  • Ornament
  • Scales: Pentatonic, Major, Minor, Chromatic
  • Semitone, tone
  • Scat singing
  • Chord Progressions using I, IV, V in Major
  • Tonality: Major, Minor
  • Vamp
  • Drone
  • Change of key
  • Down beat, Up beat
  • Anacrusis
  • Compound time
  • Speed Change: Accelerando, Rallentando, Rubato
  • Syncopation
  • Chords
  • Cluster
  • Arpeggio
  • Walking Bass
  • Descant
  • Contrary Motion
  • Canon
  • Binary, Ternary
  • AB, ABA, AABA
  • Minuet and Trio
  • Rondo
  • Theme and Variations
  • Programme
  • Middle 8
  • Crescendo, Diminuendo
  • Individual Instruments: Orchestra, Keyboard, Folk, Scottish, String
    Recorders, Pan Pipes
  • Voices: Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass
  • Effects: Bending, Rolls, Distortion, Reverb, Delay
  • Electronic drums
  • Ghanaian drum ensemble
  • Gamelan
  • Latin percussion ensemble
  • Ceilidh band
  • Chamber Music
  • Blues
  • Ragtime
  • Swing
  • Romantic
  • Opera
  • Musical
  • Fanfare
  • Concerto
  • Symphony
  • Gaelic Psalms
  • Scots ballad
  • Bothy ballad
  • Waulking song
  • Mouth music
  • Slow air
  • Ghanaian
  • Indonesian gamelan
  • Improvisation
  • Jig
  • Samba
  • Salsa

Note Int 1 'set works' (Scottish Music and Ogoun Badagris by Rouse) from LTS MUSICWORKS DVD 1.

Full List of Intermediate 2 Listening Concepts (now only here for 2014–15 Advanced Higher)

Compositional Techniques Contexts
Melodic Harmonic Rhythmic Structural Timbre Styles/Forms
  • Modulating
  • Relative major
  • Relative minor
  • Tonal
  • Atonal
  • Grace note
  • Trill
  • Syllabic word setting
  • Melismatic word setting
  • Word painting
  • Interval
  • Blues scale
  • Whole-tone scale
  • Chord Progressions using I, IV, V, VI in Major and Minor Keys
  • Modulation
  • Modulation to Relative Minor
  • Perfect Cadence
  • Imperfect Cadence
  • Tierce de Picardie
  • Suspension
  • Passing note
  • Interval
  • Consonance, Dissonance
  • Groupings in Simple and Compound time
  • Cross Rhythms
  • Triplets
  • Dotted rhythms
  • Pedal
  • Inverted Pedal
  • Ground Bass
  • Alberti Bass
  • Homophony
  • Polyphony
  • Contrapuntal
  • Obbligato
  • Countermelody
  • Strophic
  • Through-composed
  • Coda
  • Cadenza
  • Voices: Mezzo-Soprano, Countertenor, Baritone
  • Muted/Con sordino
  • Glissando
  • Flutter tonguing
  • Double stopping
  • Arco
  • Pizzicato
  • Col legno
  • Tremolando/tremolo
  • Vibrato
  • A cappella
  • Register
  • 12-String guitar
  • Slide guitar
  • Fretless bass guitar
  • Sitar
  • Tabla
  • Dixieland
  • Boogie-woogie
  • Impressionist
  • Minimalist
  • Aleatoric
  • Classical
  • Scherzo
  • Cantata
  • Oratorio
  • Passion
  • Chorale
  • Hymn tune
  • Pibroch
  • Recitative
  • Aria
  • Chorus
  • Soul
  • Country
  • Indian

Note Int 2 'set works' by Bernstein (Suite from West Side Story) and Beethoven (Scherzo and Trio from String Quartet in F) from LTS MUSICWORKS DVD 1.

Full List of Higher Listening Concepts (now only here for 2014–15 Advanced Higher)

Compositional Techniques Contexts
Melodic Harmonic Rhythmic Structural Timbre Styles/Forms
  • Mode
  • Harmonic and Melodic minor
  • Acciaccatura
  • Appoggiatura
  • Turn
  • Mordent
  • Microtone
  • Tritone
  • Tone row
  • Plagal cadence
  • Interrupted cadence
  • Dominant 7th
  • Diminished chord
  • Diminished 7th
  • Augmented chord
  • Added 6th
  • Polytonality
  • Time changes
  • Pulse and Beat Irregular metres
  • Three against two
  • Hemiola
  • Augmentation
  • Diminution
  • Episode
  • Exposition
  • Subject
  • Countersubject
  • Transition
  • Bridge
  • Basso continuo
  • Sonata form
  • Antiphonal
  • Inversion
  • Retrograde
  • Tonal answer
  • Real answer
  • Leitmotiv
  • Stretto
  • Ritornello
  • Harmonics
  • Coloratura
  • Sprechgesang
  • Consort
  • Ripieno, Concertino
  • Renaissance
  • Nationalist
  • Serial
  • Neo-classical
  • Late Romantic
  • Jazz-funk
  • Musique concrète
  • Pavan & Galliard
  • Plainchant
  • Mass
  • Motet
  • Madrigal
  • Overture
  • Sonata
  • Suite
  • Concerto grosso
  • Anthem
  • Air
  • Chant
  • Chorale prelude
  • Ballett
  • Chaconne, Passacaglia
  • Fugue
  • Lied, Song cycle
  • Symphonic/Tone poem
  • Da capo aria

Note Higher 'set works' by Bach ('In dulci jubilo' from Orgelbuchlein), Mozart ('Poco adagio' from Symphony No 36 Linz) and Webern ('Sehr schnell' from Variations for Piano) from LTS MUSICWORKS DVD 1.

Note Advanced Higher 'set works' by Stravinsky ('Sanctus' from Mass), Rachmaninov (Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini) and Verdi (Finale from Falstaff) from LTS MUSICWORKS DVD 1.

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