Music Technology

While we enjoy working with Music Technology and have taught the Sound Engineering and MIDI Sequencing options from past Music courses before, Music Technology qualifications have sadly been on ice here since their Curriculum for Excellence split from options at Music to separate new courses. So this page is currently just a placeholder for when we can offer them again.

Note (September 2017): starting to put new concepts tables up here pending eventual move to a new page…

These concept tables have been rearranged from the multi-column SQA originals as ‘responsive’ web design for smaller devices like phones and should mostly stay usable without horizontal scroll bars. Note that each new course level subsumes the preceding ones, so Nat 4 incorporates Nat 3 and so on.

National 3

Technological terms beat • capture • channel • distortion/overload • dry/wet • frequency (Hertz, kHz) • microphone • MIDI • sequenced data • session log • track (names/list) • virtual instrument tracks • volume
Styles and genres jazz • blues • rock • disco
Melody/harmony ascending • descending • step (stepwise) • leap (leaping) • repetition • sequence • improvisation • chord • chord change
Rhythm/
tempo
accent/accented • beat/pulse • BPM (beats per minute) • 2, 3 or 4 beats in the bar • on the beat/off the beat • repetition • slower/faster • pause • drum fill
Texture/
structure/
form
unison/octave • harmony/chord • solo • accompanied/unaccompanied • repetition • riff • ostinato
Timbre/
dynamics
acoustic/electronic • striking (hitting), blowing, bowing, strumming, plucking • acoustic guitar, electric guitar • piano, organ, synthesiser • drum kit • voice/vocals • crescendo (cres) • diminuendo (dim)
Controls and effects delay • EQ (equalisation) • gain/trim • mono(phonic) • panning • playback • record • reverb(eration) • stereo(phonic) • time domain
Processes backup copy • format • mix/mixing balance • normalising • sampled • save • audio/stereo master • USB (port)

National 4

Technological terms apps • arrange window • arrangement • clipping • feedback • file management • frequency response • intro/outro • lead vocal • polar patterns (cardioid and omnidirectional • popping and blasting • proximity effect • sibilance • take • tempo
Styles and genres ragtime • swing • skiffle • synth pop • electronica • dance music • rap
Melody/
harmony
major/minor (tonality) • broken chord/arpeggio • change of key • pedal • scale • octave • vamp • scat singing
Rhythm/
tempo
syncopation • 2/4, 3/4, 4/4, 6/8 • anacrusis • accel(erando) • rall(entando) • a tempo
Texture/
structure/
form
binary — AB • ternary — ABA • verse and chorus (song structure) • middle 8 • imitation
Timbre/
dynamics
woodwind instruments • string instruments • brass instruments • percussion instruments • bass guitar • distortion • muted • backing vocals • voices — SATB
Controls and effects compression/expansion • effects (FX) • fader • line level • microphone level • tone control • transport bar/controls
Processes click track • copy • cut and paste • effects pedals • final mix • general MIDI (GM) • guide vocal • import/export • input/output • mute • overdub • peak • sequencer • signal path • synchronisation (sync) • WAV/AIFF file

National 5

Technological terms glitch • hum • cyclical/loop • play list • polar patterns (figure of eight, hypercardioid) • sampler • signal-to-noise ratio • sound card • spillage/leakage • toolbox • transpose
Styles and genres rock’n’roll • Scottish • Celtic rock • 60s pop • punk • country • hip hop • musicals
Melody/
harmony
atonal • cluster • inverted pedal • chromatic • whole tone scale • glissando • modulation • countermelody • pitch bend • tone/semitone
Rhythm/
tempo
ritardando (rit) • cross rhythms
Texture/
structure/
form
strophic • walking bass • homophonic • polyphonic • coda • bridge/link passage • instrumental break
Timbre/
dynamics
arco • pizzicato • rolls • voices — mezzo soprano, baritone
Controls and effects auxiliary in(put)/out(put) (Aux) • auxiliary send/return • boost EQ/cut EQ • chorus effect and depth • close mic’d • dB (decibels) • gated reverberation (reverb) • LFO • limiter • noise gate • pitch bend • punch in/out • wah-wah/envelope filter
Processes beat matching • digital processor • drop in/out • fade in/out • import/export • latency • locators • markers • multi effects processor • quantisation • vocal enhancer

Higher

Technological terms ambience • clipping • file compression • impedance • patch • parameters • track object • velocity
Styles and genres jazz funk • soul/R’n’B • indie • new wave • electroacoustic • reggae • world music • 20th/21st century classical music
Melody/
harmony
relative major/minor • interval • inversion
Rhythm/
tempo
time changes • irregular time signatures
Texture/
structure/
form
through-composed
Timbre/
dynamics
harmonics • accents • staccato marks • phrase marks
Controls and effects cut-off frequency • graphical EQ • harmoniser • low-pass and high-pass filters • modulation controller • parametric EQ • phase/phaser/flanger • pitch shift • pre-/post-fade • portamento • shelving EQ • time compression/time expansion • Q (bandwidth) • shelving equalisation • tremolo/vibrato • triggering
Processes ADSR envelope (attack/decay/sustain/release) • crossfade • filter • insert point • plug-ins • sample editor • sample frequency • submix • threshold